Zambiri za turbocharger

Turbo-discharging ndi njira yatsopano yomwe ingagwiritse ntchito bwino mphamvu zobwezeredwa ndi turbine.wokwera mu utsi kutuluka kwa injini kuyaka mkati.Kubwezeretsedwa kwa mphamvu ya pulse pansi pakudzipatula kwa mphamvu ya pulse kumathandizira kutulutsa makina otulutsa mpweya kuti muchepetse ntchito yopopa injini ndikuwongolera chuma chamafuta a injini.Iyi ndi njira yatsopano yokwaniritsira ma air system yomwe idaphunziridwapo kale pamainjini omwe amangofuna mwachilengedwe.Komabe, kuti zinthu ziyende bwino, kutulutsa kwa turbo kuyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito pamainjini a turbocharged, chifukwa kutsitsa ndi njira yodalirika yamasitima apamtunda amtsogolo.

Kafukufuku wina amagwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe amtundu umodzi wa gasi kuti awone momwe ma turbo-scharging amagwirira ntchito pa injini yamafuta a turbocharged, makamaka poyang'ana kwambiri kulumikizana ndi makina a turbocharging.Zotsatira zikuwonetsa kuti torque ya injini yapamwamba imachulukitsidwa pang'onopang'ono mpaka pakati pa liwiro lothamanga kwambiri lochepetsedwa pang'ono chifukwa cha zoletsa pakupumira kwa injini ndi ma valve otulutsa otsika.Injini yapamwamba kwambiri ngati ntchito yothamanga yokhala ndi turbocharger yayikulu komanso turbo-discharging inali yofanana ndi yaing'ono ya turbocharger yopanda turbo-discharging.Kuwongolera kwachuma kwamafuta kudawonekera m'magawo ambiri omwe amadzaza ndi mapu a injini, pomwe mitengo yayikulu imasiyana kuchokera pa 2 mpaka 7% kutengera njira yoyambira yamagetsi ya injini.Kutentha kotsalira kotsalirako kunachepetsedwa mosalekeza pagawo lalikulu la mapu a injini, kupatulapo mphamvu zamphamvu, kumene kutsika kwa valve kunkalamulira.Izi zikuyembekezeredwa kuti zithandizire kupita patsogolo komanso kupindulitsanso kwamafuta amafuta.

Zotsatira za phunziroli zikulonjeza ndipo zikuwonetsa kuti kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zina za gasi zomwe zilipo potulutsa turbo-kutulutsa m'malo mwa turbocharging zitha kukhala ndi zotsatira zabwino pamagawo onse a injini yodzaza ndi katundu wambiri.Pali kuthekera kwakukulu pakukhathamiritsa kwina ndikugwiritsa ntchito ma valve actuation osinthika ndi makina owongolera a turbocharger.

 

Buku

Department of Trade and Industry (DTI).Njira yaukadaulo ya Foresight Vehicle: ukadaulo ndi mayendedwe ofufuzira amsewu am'tsogolo, Version 3.0, 2008.https://connect.innovateuk.org/web/technology-roadmap/Executive-chidule (chofikira mu Ogasiti 2012).


Nthawi yotumiza: May-16-2022

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